In late 1941, American intelligence officers in Hawaii had only Japanese radio transmissions to determine the approximate location of their carrier groups. By the middle of October they put them in home waters. Which, as Rear Admiral Edwin T. Layton wrote, was wrong. That very day Admiral Yamamoto addressed the six-carrier task force in Saeki Bay before they steamed to the remote Kurile Islands on their journey to Pearl Harbor. The massive carrier force maintained complete radio silence throughout that journey. To mislead American snoopers, Yamamoto kept sending messages to his Second Fleet—which American agents assumed were with the carriers. Which they were not. And I Was There, 184-185
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The Union Army under McClellan toiled slowly up the peninsula towards Richmond in 1862, a relentless juggernaut of men and weapons. Union hopes were high that they would take Richmond and end the Civil War. A soldier wrote to his father that he hoped to be home by the end of summer so he could teach school in the fall. Another soldier wrote that the Federals had the Rebels in so tight a corner they didn’t run because they couldn’t. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, 145. Not so fast! Robert E. Lee had yet to be elevated as commander of Confederate forces.
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In 1939 Anglo-French military planners created Plans D and E. If Germany invaded Belgium, Plan D would advance Allied troops to the Antwerp-Dyle-Meuse Line. Plan E called for the Allies to meet a German thrust at the Scheldt River.
Neither plan envisioned what the Germans decided: to surprise everyone by invading through “nearly impenetrable” Ardennes—which the Allies assumed were much too difficult for offensive operations and too much a threat to invaders. Encyclopedia of WWII, 499
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In the Battle of the Bulge, December, 1944 (a neighbor of our family in Lincoln, Illinois lost a son in the battle), Allied security imposed a 48 hour blackout on all news reaching America. That didn’t keep the Germans from listening to all American traffic conversations. And from knowing how many troops we had, where they were stationed and how fast they could counter-attack against their panzers. Battle of the Bulge, 149.
– End Part I –
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Apologetics book: Their Own Best Defense, Volume 2, Part 1
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